Educational technology ,careers and future : October 2018

Tuesday, October 30, 2018



BHEL was established in 1964 ushering in the indigenous Heavy Electrical Equipment industry in India. Heavy Electricals (India) Limited was merged with BHELin 1974. In 1991, BHEL was converted into a public limited company.

The bulk of the revenue of the company is derived from sale of equipment for power generation such as turbines, boilers, etc. As of 2017, BHEL supplied equipment contributed to about 55% of the total installed power generation capacity of India


BHEL booked total revenue of Rs. 29618.78 Cr. in financial year 2017-18 , with net profit of Rs. 806.60 Cr.

3rd PRC implementation in BHEL

 BHEL announced 3rd PRC benefits to its employees with 10 % fitment benefit as per last three years PBT(profit before tax) w.e.f 1.1.2017.

Career For Engineering Graduates in BHEL

BHEL recruits Engineering graduates on the basis of GATE  score in concerned branches and after interview from shortlisted candidates.

For Mechanical Descipline Eligible Branches

1. Industrial and Production Engineering 
2. Industrial Engineering 
3. Mechanical Production and Tool Engineering 
4. Production Technology Manufacturing Engineering (NIFFT Ranchi) 
5. Mechatronics 
6. Manufacturing Process and Automation 
7. Power Plant Engineering
 8. Production Engineering
 9. Production and Industrial Engineering 
10. Thermal Engineering 
11. Manufacturing Technology 
12. Power Engineering 

For Electrical Descipline Eligible Branches

1. Electrical & Electronics 
2. Electrical, Instrumentation & Control 
3. High Voltage Engg. 
4. Power Systems & High Voltage Engg 
5. Electrical Machine 
6. Electronics & Power 
7. Power Electronics 
8. Power Plant Engineering. 
9. Energy Engineering 
10. Power Engineering.

Salary in BHEL

After successful training of one year execitives are given starting  basic salary Rs. 24900  or Rs 60000 after 3rd pay revision. Apprrox CTC will be 9-10 lakhs per annum.

Monday, October 29, 2018

Government Jobs or Jobs in Government company

What is Government company?

A “Government company” is defined under Section 2(45) of the Companies Act, 2013 as “any company in which not less than 51% of the paid-up share capital is held by the Central Government, or by any State Government or Governments, or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments, and includes a company which is a subsidiary company of such a Government company”.

Difference between government Jobs and Jobs in Government Company

Government Jobs are the Jobs in such organisations which are directly managed by the government and govenment is directly responsible for managing funds for salary of the employees. Few examples are Police, Army, Education (Govt. teachers), Railways , Reserve bank of India, Govt. Hospitals,  Revenue services, income tax department , road & building department etc. , salary in these organisations managed by govenment without considering profit or loss .

                                  GOVENMENT OF INDIA 

   On the other hand Government companies or CPSE(Central Public sector Enterpise) has to do business of their own and concentrate on earning profits . Salary of the employees of these companies is accountability of the company not the government . Goverment may provide some package to mange the company depending on the importance of the company as Govt. is the owner of the company but it is not bound to do that. Pay revision of the PSUs /PSEs is decided based on the profits of the company.

  " As per the recommendation of  3rd PRC , which implemented from 1.1.2017 , pay will be revised only in those Public sector companies earning profits and can afford such pay hike without government support"

   3 rd PRC recommendations has closed the doors of salary hike  for employees working in SICK PSU's .Altough union and associations of there companies pressurizing government for the wage revision but govenrment has turned blind eye to their demands till date.

Why Jobs in Govt sector & PSU is a compromise with career growth

What is SICK Company(CPSE)

 Those government owned companies which are continuously making losses in-spite of government support for revival are called SICK PSU's . These companies due to poor business strategy, large employee salary burden and incompetence of staff could not earn sufficient revenue to bear its own  expenditure. Few major PSU's  which has become SICK  are SAIL, AIR INDIA ,BSNL and MTNL etc.

Categorization of PSU's 

Depending on the size and performance of the companies , Govt PSU has been categorized as below:
1. Maharatna CPE's(Central public Enterprise).
2. Navratna CPE's(Central public Enterprise).
3. Mini Ratna CPE's(Central public Enterprise).

 Maharatna Companies(CPE's)(click on the copany link to get carrier info)

1. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
2. Coal India Limited
3. Gas authority of India limited (GAIL)
4. Indian Oil Corporation Limited  (IOCL)
5. National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC Limited)
6. Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)
7. Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
8. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited

Navratna CPSEs
1. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
2. Container Corporation of India Limited
3. Engineers India Limited
4. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
5. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
6. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited
7. National Aluminium Company Limited
8. National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited
9. NMDC Limited
10. Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited
11. Oil India Limited
12. Power Finance Corporation Limited
13. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
14. Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited
15. Rural Electrification Corporation Limited
16. Shipping Corporation of India Limited
Miniratna Category - I CPSEs
1. Miniratna Category - I CPSEs
2. Airports Authority of India
3. Antrix Corporation Limited
4. Balmer Lawrie & Co. Limited
5. Bharat Coking Coal Limited
6. Bharat Dynamics Limited
7. BEML Limited
8. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
9. Bridge & Roof Company (India) Limited
10. Central Warehousing Corporation
11. Central Coalfields Limited
12. Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
13. Cochin Shipyard Limited
14. Dredging Corporation of India Limited
15. Kamarajar Port Limited
16. Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited
17. Goa Shipyard Limited
18. Hindustan Copper Limited
19. HLL Lifecare Limited
20. Hindustan Newsprint Limited
21. Hindustan Paper Corporation Limited
22. Housing & Urban Development Corporation Limited
23. India Tourism Development Corporation Limited
24. Indian Rare Earths Limited
25. Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation Limited
26. Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited
27. India Trade Promotion Organisation
28. IRCON International Limited
29. KIOCL Limited
30. Mazagaon Dock Limited
31. Mahanadi Coalfields Limited
32. Manganese Ore (India) Limited
33. Mangalore Refinery & Petrochemical Limited
34. Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited
35. MMTC Limited
36. MSTC Limited
37. National Fertilizers Limited
38. National Seeds Corporation Limited
39. NHPC Limited
40. Northern Coalfields Limited
41. North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited
42. Numaligarh Refinery Limited
43. ONGC Videsh Limited
44. Pawan Hans Helicopters Limited
45. Projects & Development India Limited
46. Railtel Corporation of India Limited
47. Rail Vikas Nigam Limited
48. Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited
49. RITES Limited
50. SJVN Limited
51. Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Limited
52. South Eastern Coalfields Limited
53. State Trading Corporation of India Limited
54. Telecommunications Consultants India Limited
55. THDC India Limited
56. Western Coalfields Limited
57. WAPCOS Limited
58. Ed.CIL (India) Limited
59. HSCC (India) Limited
60. National Small Industries Corporation Limited

Miniratna Category-II CPSEs

1. Bharat Pumps & Compressors Limited
2. Broadcast Engineering Consultants (I) Limited
3. Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited
4. Central Railside Warehouse Company Limited
5. Engineering Projects (India) Limited
6. FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals India Limited
7. Ferro Scrap Nigam Limited
8. HMT (International) Limited
9. Indian Medicines & Pharmaceuticals Corporation Limited
10. M E C O N Limited
11. Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited
12. National Film Development Corporation Limited
13. P E C Limited
14. Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Limited
15. Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India

  Several CPSE's existing in the list of Maharatna , Navratna and Miniratna are under heavy losses. Job opportunities  in government companies can be cecked on the website  and

Sunday, October 21, 2018

What is Engineering?

Engineering is a stream of science where scientific principles  are  applied for developing machines,structures , or any material thing for the welfare or ease of life for mankind. Engineering word is derived from Latin word  “Ingenuim” meaning ”cleverness” and ingeniare, meaning to “to  devise”.

Main Branches of Engineering

Basically there are four main branches of Engineering which may be further divided in many other branches.These basic branches are:

1.     Mechanical Engineering.

2.     Chemical Engineering.

3.     Electrical Engineering.

4.     Civil Engineering.

After these basic four branches number of new Engineering branches have been introduced which may be said as sub-branches of these basic branches, few are listed below:

Naval engineering
mining engineering
manufacturing engineering
Accoustical engineering
Corroison engineering
Instrumentation and control  engineering
Aerospace engineering
Automotive engineering
Computer Science
Electronics engineering
Information Technology
Textile Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Material Engineering
Nuclear Engineering
Biomedical Engineering etc.
Entrance Exam for Engineering

To appear for Engineering exam one has to pass SSC .Earlier there were two main entrance examination for admission in Engineering colleges AIEEE and IIT JEE .But now AIEEE has been stopped and JEE is the main entrance exam for entrance in Engineering colleges in all over India. Alyough few private colleges conduct separate examination for admisiion in their college .List of all the main entrance  examinations is given below:

JEE Main- National Testing Agency (NTA)
BITSAT- Birla Institute of technology and science
MU OET- Manipal Academy for Higher Education
VITEEE- VIT University
SRMJEE- SRM Institute of science and Technology  

Counselling For Engineering Colleges in India

After result of the examination is declared successful candidates have participate in online counseling depending on their rank. Once online cousnelling is over , candidates are called on the basis of their rank by counseling body to further finalise college , and branch depending upon the vacant seats of national quota .Colleges are ranked on the basis of their placements of students of their college. IIT s are top engineering colleges ,followed by NITs and IITs .Then comes few reputed private colleges and universities  and State government colleges. After national counseling , Technical university in every state conducts counseling for their state quota.
Selected students get admissions in Bachelor of Technology(B .Tech.), or Bachelor of Engineering(B.E.) in the college which is graduation of for years.

FEE Structure of Engineering in India

Approx Expenditure in Government engineering colleges varies from Rs. 80000 to Rs 100000 per annum including Tution fee, Hostel fee and Mess Fee .Tuition fee may be revised by government while Mess fee may be revised by the collges depending on the expenditure.
   Private colleges decide their total annual fee depening on the facilities they provide to the students and their fee is much gher compared to government colleges. Their annual fee may vary from Rs.180000 to Rs. 400000 per annum.

Engineering Placements in India

Before the completion of or(B.E.) int 3rd or Final year private companies starts selecting students by visiting college campus and conducts their test and interviews and selected students joins their company after completion of Four year Degree. Sometimes company calls students of defferent colleges at one college to appear for their recruitment drive.

Engineering Career

Higher the number of Engineers in a country makes country progressive and ecnomy strong. Career in different fields of Engineering faces troubles sometimes .Mechanical Engineering is the only evergreen branch till date .There has been tremendous opportunities for software engineers worldwide since the automation and internet has been spread worldwide. Although number of engineers in India has been increased year on year ,Engineering as a career is losing its charm due to opening of lots of private Engineering colleges without basic infrastructure facilities.

Still Engineering graduates with good knowledge of their field making good progress in their career .Annual salary what engineering graduates are receiving at the beginning of their career ranges from 3.5 lakhs per annum to 1.5 crores per annum depending on the company and job profile offered by the recruiting company. Due to increased competition and numbers of Engineers , there is huge shortage of jobs at current market conditions .Hence seats of many Engineering colleges remaining vacant these years.

Government and PSU Jobs for Engineers in India

Although in India there are opportunities to work in Government sector and Public sector units which provide stable career with limited growth. But opportunities are not available for every stream of Engineering. Few branches which government companies and PSU recruit are:

Mechanical Engineering
Electrical Engineering
Electronics, Electronics and communication Engineering
Civil Engineering
IT and Computer Science

    Even to get these Jobs one has to qualify written examinations, Interviews . Now most of the PSUs are recruiting on the basis of the performance in GATE examination , which are basically conducted for the admission in the MTech. And then final selection on the basis of performance in the interview conducted by company. Although few companies are not conducting any interview.Few PSU and Government organization which hire engineers  are :

 Annual salary in most of the Govt. organization ranges from Rs. 4 lakhs per annum to 9.5 laks per annum.

Thursday, October 18, 2018

Scope of Educational Technology

Educational Technologies and their Importance

Instructive Technology infers the utilization of every single instructive asset – Men, Materials, Methods and Techniques, Means and Media in a coordinated and orderly way for streamlined learning. The underneath made reference to advancements are incorporated into it.

Conduct Technology: 

Behavioral innovation is the imperative part of Educational Technology. It puts accentuation on the utilization of mental standards in learning and instructing with the goal that the conduct of the instructor and students might be changed in understanding of the educating destinations. 

Instructional Technology: 

Instructional Technology implies a system of methods or gadgets utilized to achieve certain characterized set of learning goals. Instructional innovation suggests the utilization of mental, sociological and logical standards and information to guidance for accomplishing the particular destinations of learning.

Showing Technology:

 Teaching is the social and expert movement. It is a procedure of improvement educating is arrangement of activities which actuate learning through relational relationship. Training innovation is the use of philosophical, sociological and logical learning to instructing.

Instructional Design: 

In request to get wanted changes the understudies' conduct, the showing circumstances, working apparatuses and new methodologies were viewed as vital notwithstanding the learning standards. The composite type of all these is instructional outline.

Preparing Psychology: 

Training brain research is a critical strategy for educating and learning. Its improvement came about out of the examination work completed on the confounded preparing issues and circumstances.

Preparing brain science underlines that the entire preparing assignment ought to be separated into three sections. These are:

Getting ready diagram of the undertaking.

Undertaking examination 

Putting the undertaking in arrangement. The fundamental job of preparing brain science is in Teacher Education.

Computerized Psychology: 

It's a piece of preparing brain research. Computerized brain science acknowledges people as machine. Computerized brain science underscores the way that every one of the techniques for input bring the coveted changes by controlling the conduct of the student.

Framework Analysis: 

System Analysis is a critical thinking process in which the requirements of the administration are analyzed and by utilizing a fitting technique for taking care of the issue, assessment is done.

On the off chance that you consider the working regions of Educational Technology incorporates the accompanying: Curriculum Construction, Teaching-Learning Strategies, Audio-Visual materials, Determining Educational Objectives, Training the instructors, Feedback, Hardware and Software and so forth. To put it plainly, the extent of Educational Technology reaches out to all assets (human and non-human) for the growth and advancement of training. In this manner Educational Technology has a wide extension

Educational and technological Scope , various opportunities for career making

Imporatnce of Educational qualifications for making career in Technology Field

Tehnological field is so vast that there are numerous fields which one can persue for his future .First step before deciding particular technological field is what are your interests and what are the opportunities in that field thereafter you can start to prepare for educational qualifications required for that particular field . First of all let us see what are broader technological fields for making career:


Engineering in itself is a very vast field ranging from Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, Communications, Mining, Instrumentation, Information Technology, Computer science etc. etc.These engineering branches may be further divided in numerous fields for doing masters and further research can be done at micro , nano level.
  Thus choosing one for an indiavidual is really dilemma.


Architecture one field which is very popular now a days ,due to vast infrastructure development in all major developing countries. Architecture is all about designing individual buildings to new cities keeping in mind the ecosystem and future requirements.


Medical is one of very important career prospects new generation is looking for .Medical field including doctors, pharmaceuticals, Diognistics, has alsoa great potential with the growing health issues and challenges of maintaing health of exponentially growing population


Textile is also very interesting field . Now a days interest of people has grown towards fashion. Altough textile industry faces ups and down as it depends on verious seasons .Still people dream about making career in this field.

        Above are the few mainstream fields for students who are looking to make their careers .Other fields which are open for  students to make are listed below:
1. Finance and accounting.
2. Banking services.
3. Recycling 
4. Broadcasting
5. Writing
6. Painting.
7. Editing.
8. Filmmaking.
10. Transport
11. BPO.
12. Translation.
13. Service provider.


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