Educational technology ,careers and future

Sunday, October 21, 2018

What is Engineering?

Engineering is a stream of science where scientific principles  are  applied for developing machines,structures , or any material thing for the welfare or ease of life for mankind. Engineering word is derived from Latin word  “Ingenuim” meaning ”cleverness” and ingeniare, meaning to “to  devise”.

Main Branches of Engineering

Basically there are four main branches of Engineering which may be further divided in many other branches.These basic branches are:

1.     Mechanical Engineering.

2.     Chemical Engineering.

3.     Electrical Engineering.

4.     Civil Engineering.

After these basic four branches number of new Engineering branches have been introduced which may be said as sub-branches of these basic branches, few are listed below:

Naval engineering
mining engineering
manufacturing engineering
Accoustical engineering
Corroison engineering
Instrumentation and control  engineering
Aerospace engineering
Automotive engineering
Computer Science
Electronics engineering
Information Technology
Textile Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Material Engineering
Nuclear Engineering
Biomedical Engineering etc.
Entrance Exam for Engineering

To appear for Engineering exam one has to pass SSC .Earlier there were two main entrance examination for admission in Engineering colleges AIEEE and IIT JEE .But now AIEEE has been stopped and JEE is the main entrance exam for entrance in Engineering colleges in all over India. Alyough few private colleges conduct separate examination for admisiion in their college .List of all the main entrance  examinations is given below:

JEE Main- National Testing Agency (NTA)
BITSAT- Birla Institute of technology and science
MU OET- Manipal Academy for Higher Education
VITEEE- VIT University
SRMJEE- SRM Institute of science and Technology  

Counselling For Engineering Colleges in India

After result of the examination is declared successful candidates have participate in online counseling depending on their rank. Once online cousnelling is over , candidates are called on the basis of their rank by counseling body to further finalise college , and branch depending upon the vacant seats of national quota .Colleges are ranked on the basis of their placements of students of their college. IIT s are top engineering colleges ,followed by NITs and IITs .Then comes few reputed private colleges and universities  and State government colleges. After national counseling , Technical university in every state conducts counseling for their state quota.
Selected students get admissions in Bachelor of Technology(B .Tech.), or Bachelor of Engineering(B.E.) in the college which is graduation of for years.

FEE Structure of Engineering in India

Approx Expenditure in Government engineering colleges varies from Rs. 80000 to Rs 100000 per annum including Tution fee, Hostel fee and Mess Fee .Tuition fee may be revised by government while Mess fee may be revised by the collges depending on the expenditure.
   Private colleges decide their total annual fee depening on the facilities they provide to the students and their fee is much gher compared to government colleges. Their annual fee may vary from Rs.180000 to Rs. 400000 per annum.

Engineering Placements in India

Before the completion of or(B.E.) int 3rd or Final year private companies starts selecting students by visiting college campus and conducts their test and interviews and selected students joins their company after completion of Four year Degree. Sometimes company calls students of defferent colleges at one college to appear for their recruitment drive.

Engineering Career

Higher the number of Engineers in a country makes country progressive and ecnomy strong. Career in different fields of Engineering faces troubles sometimes .Mechanical Engineering is the only evergreen branch till date .There has been tremendous opportunities for software engineers worldwide since the automation and internet has been spread worldwide. Although number of engineers in India has been increased year on year ,Engineering as a career is losing its charm due to opening of lots of private Engineering colleges without basic infrastructure facilities.

Still Engineering graduates with good knowledge of their field making good progress in their career .Annual salary what engineering graduates are receiving at the beginning of their career ranges from 3.5 lakhs per annum to 1.5 crores per annum depending on the company and job profile offered by the recruiting company. Due to increased competition and numbers of Engineers , there is huge shortage of jobs at current market conditions .Hence seats of many Engineering colleges remaining vacant these years.

Government and PSU Jobs for Engineers in India

Although in India there are opportunities to work in Government sector and Public sector units which provide stable career with limited growth. But opportunities are not available for every stream of Engineering. Few branches which government companies and PSU recruit are:

Mechanical Engineering
Electrical Engineering
Electronics, Electronics and communication Engineering
Civil Engineering
IT and Computer Science

    Even to get these Jobs one has to qualify written examinations, Interviews . Now most of the PSUs are recruiting on the basis of the performance in GATE examination , which are basically conducted for the admission in the MTech. And then final selection on the basis of performance in the interview conducted by company. Although few companies are not conducting any interview.Few PSU and Government organization which hire engineers  are :

 Annual salary in most of the Govt. organization ranges from Rs. 4 lakhs per annum to 9.5 laks per annum.

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