Educational technology ,careers and future : BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED(B.S.N.L)

Friday, November 2, 2018



BSNL came into existence on 1 October 2000. Earlier all telecom services mainly Landline service were being provided by Government through Department of Telecommunication(DOT), but to promote private players to bring new technologies in telecommunications ,and give them a fair chance of doing business Government left direct involvement in Telecom sector and formed Public Sector Unit named BSNL and MTNL(For Delhi and Mumbai) .

Contribution of BSNL in Telecommunication

When BSNL was formed it was only working in Landline while new telecom players started mobile services. BSNL started mobile services in 2005 . BSNL took internet to even to far villages and remote areas where private companies were not providing services. BSNL launched 3G services in 2010  nationwide. Execution of all government schemes like VPT(Village punchyat telephone) or Village PCO to Broadband KIOSK . BSNL laid optical fiber upto to every Telephone exchange . 

Financial Status of BSNL

BSNL was continuously in profit upto financial year 2008-2009. BSNL reported loss first time in year 2009-10  of Rs 1800 crore .Thereafter its financial conditions deteriorated continuously .In the auction of 3G spectrum BSNl was not allowed to participate but BSNL was forced pay spectrum charges at Maximum auctioned rate in all Circles India .BSNl paid 18500.38 crore Rs as spectrum charges. While private operators auctioned spectrum as per their requirement. All policy decisions of BSNL , regarding purchase of new technology ,new projects are taken by DOT and cabinet itself. So delay in implementation of new technology and projects, large number of unskilled staff and poor support from Government led to financial crisis in BSNL . Since 2015 BSNL showed the sign of revival and booked operation profits but with the entry of Reliance JIO and agressive marketting and freebies telecom market shattered . Revenu of all telecom operators fell drastically .Several small telecom players not able repay their loans shut their business. Reliance, AIRCEL, Tata tleservices, shut their telecom business. Vodafone and IDEA merged their business to sustain in the market. 
Even BSNL revenue has dropped drastically  although its market share increased in this period.


Future of BSNL depends fully on the intention of Government , its stand on BSNL revival policy. As technology is changed very rapidly , BSNL was never allowed to upgrade its network timely thus always lagging to private companies. BSNL is very keen launch 4G as already all existing operators providing 4G services , Government has not taken its decision since 2017 and just delaying 4G spectrum to BSNL . While BSNL wants to become first operator to launch  5G in India , government  is not willing to provide 4G spectrum ,  how it will launch 5G it is a matter of concern. 
   BSNL launched 3G in 2010 but could not provide it nationwide till 2018 due to dependence on DOT and Government for every policy decision.

Career in BSNL

BSNL recruits Engineering graduates/Diploma engineers for technical posts and Account graduates MCom, CA, etc in Finance stream .BSNL is the largest recruiter of Engineering graduates nearly 2500-3000 JTO are recruited in every notification, . BSNL conducts Special Recruitment drive for SC/ST and Physically handicapped (PH) candidates 
Their exists only two technical post for recruitment takes place:

1. Junior Engineer- 

Diploma Engineer/ Engineering graduates can apply(ECE, IT, Electrical, Electronics, communication etc branches included). It a group C post .

2. Junior Telecom officer

Engineering Graduates(BE/Btech/ MSc electronics) in ECE/Electrical/IT/Electronics etc. branches

    For JTO(Electrical) and JTO(civil)  different exam is conducted for candidates with degree in Electrical Engineering and Civil Engineering .It isa group B post

Selection procedure in BSNL

  Earlier BSNL used to conduct written examination for post JTO , but now recruitment is done on the basis of score in the GATE examination. Candidates are shortlisted on the basis of their  GATE  score and selected candidates are called for document verification . After document verification candidates are called for training.
Fot the post of Junior Engineer online exam is conducted at selected centers with three sections one section is General studies  other are technical( Exam format is provided in notification). For qualifying exam one has to qualify in all three sections .

Pay Scales in BSNL


Existing Pay Scale



16,400 - 40,500
E2(SDE) 20,600 - 46,500
E3(Sr.SDE) 24,900 - 50,500
E4(DE) 29,100 - 54,500
E5(DGM) 32,900 - 58,000
E6(GM) 36,600 - 62,000
E7(Sr. GM) 43,200 - 66,000
E8(PGM) 51,300 - 73,000
E9(CGM & Director)
62,000 - 80,000

                Pay scale of for JTO is finalized at 16400 as per modification JTO RR rules in 2014 . JTO of batches 2007 and 2008 posted up to 2010 were recruited in 9850 (E 1A) of 2 nd PRC but were fixed in 16400 after degrading there scale from corresponding scale in 2nd PRC . After case in CAT delhi , additional 5 increments were provided to these two batches tentatively . All further JTO/JAO recruitment's were done at the scale of 16400 due to modifications in recruitment rule.

Services provided by BSNL

BSNL provide range of telecom services .Main sevice are Landline, Broadband, Mobile services(2G & 3G), Leased line, MLLN ,VPN, Wi-Fi, wireless Broadband, VOIP services(wings), NGN services etc.

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